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The Impact of Multicultural Policy Implementations and Acculturation Strategies on the Adaptation of Muslim and non-Muslim Immigrants from Turkey (Cases: Belgium, France, Germany, Sweden and the UK)

Dr. Ergün Özgür

This research explores the adaptation of Muslim, Alevite, Circassian, Kurdish, Laz, and Turkish, and non-Muslim, Assyrian, Armenian, Greek, Jewish and Yazidi immigrants from Turkey in Belgium, France, Germany, Sweden and the UK. Some of these are minorities (Armenian) or immigrants (Circassian) while others are engaged in conflicts (Kurd) for more than three decades in Turkey, which might have an impact on their adaptation to host countries. Moreover, the immigration stories of immigrants; when, why and from which region of Turkey they come from, may affect their inclusion. Besides, there may be differences between volunteer immigrants, like job seekers or non-volunteers such as refugees who were forced to leave their country of origin because of their political ideas, gender, ethnic or religious backgrounds, or conflicts and wars. In addition, different multicultural policies implemented in these European countries may have an impact on the adaptation processes of immigrants.
The research will be done in five European countries, due to different multicultural policy trends and index scores; France has a stable low, Germany has a low increasing, and Belgium, Sweden and the UK have increasing multiculturalism policy (MCP) index scores.
This project features four research questions:

  • Are there different adaptation processes of Muslim and non-Muslim immigrants?
  • Do Muslim and non-Muslim immigrants interact with the host groups differently or vice versa?
  • Do multicultural policy implementations differentiate the same immigrant group in these countries?
  • How do age, gender, education and immigration period effect the adaptation processes of immigrants?

A qualitative research methodology will be applied by two in-depth interviews of a man and woman for each immigrant group in France, Sweden and the UK, in addition to Alevite, Laz and Yazidi groups, established in Belgium and Germany.