Prof. Ulrike Freitag

Migration and the constitution of urbanity in Jeddah in the 19th century

This sub-project investigates the question of how public spaces were used to express both public unrest and governmental control in different phases of urban change in the port city of Jeddah in the 19th and first part of the 20th centuries. Violence, as exercised both by a public crowd as well as by the Ottoman and British powers in 1858 when the European consuls and a considerable number of Christian merchants were attacked and murdered, followed by not less public rounds of bombardment and public executions, is conceived as an extreme and exceptional form of contestation over political and social control. Through a careful tracing of the urban changes, the significance of the shaping and reshaping of specific urban spaces as well as of the introduction of new forms of control will emerge and provide an understanding of urban physical and political transformation.