Catalog inventory (books, magazines and special collections listed in the library catalog)

The library at the Centre for Modern Oriental Studies was founded in 1992. It is closely linked to the Centre's research programme and currently holds approx. 85000 volumes and about 60 periodicals. Envisaged as an academic research library to accommodate the Centre’s key areas of research, it focuses on procuring new publications in the field of ethnology and political science dealing with countries in the Middle East, Africa and South Asia. Special emphasis is given to relevance and rapid procurement, as well as to publications from the countries concerned. In January 2020, new library stocks comprised 37504 volumes. The new stock of journals includes 292 titles which are registered in the online catalogue and in the nationwide journal databank (ZDB). In addition to the current subscriptions to printed journals, the library also purchases numerous electronic journals, contains over 7672 microfiches, 556 microfilms, and some video tapes respectively DVDs.

Apart from this regular stock, further valuable sources and rare books are contained for example in the deposit library section of the Academy of Sciences of the German Democratic Republic, and in the collections of Fritz and Gertraud Steppat, African historian Jürgen Herzog, Middle East historian Gerhard Höpp, and Indologist Horst Krüger, all of which were donated to the Centre. Two of this book collections mainly affected the library stock. Approx. 10 000 monographs and 297 journals connected with Middle Eastern studies from the German and General History library section of the former Academy of Sciences of the German Democratic Republic were first of all taken over on a long-term loan. The library then received a further significant addition, the Fritz and Gertraud Steppat gift, a specialised Middle Eastern studies collection with an estimated 10 000 volumes comprising monographs and journals. The ZMO library also inherited manuscripts from the library section of the former Academy of Sciences of the GDR. Some of these are in Arabic, amongst others one on Islamic law: ﻣﹸﺤﹶﻤﱠﺪﹲ ﻋﹶﻼﹶﺀﹸ ﺁﻟﹾﺪﱢﻳﻦﹺ ﺑﹾﻦﹺ ﻋﹶﻠﹺﻲﱢ ﺁﻟﹾﺤﹶﺴﹾﻜﹶﻔﹺﻲﱢ ﺁﻟﹾﺤﹶﻨﹶﻔﹺﻲﱢ ﺁﻟﹾﻌﹶﺒﱠﺎﺴﹺﻲﱢ : ﺧﹸﻼﹶﺻﹶﺔﹸ ﺁﻟﹾﻔﹸﺮﹸﻭﻉﹺ Muḥammad ʿAlāʾ-ad-Dīn Ibn-ʿAlī al-Ḥaskafī al-Ḥanafī al-ʿAbbāsī : Ḫulāṣat al-furūʿ. The work was composed in 1071 hiǧrī (1660 AD) and has the shelf mark 83/731. In addition to this identification see the colophon.

Further valuable private book collections in the ZMO library derive from: Dr. Petra und Joachim Heidrich (Social history modern India), Dr. habil. Peter Sebald und Prof. Trutz von Trotha (Togo), Prof. Dr. Werner Ende (Wahhābīya, Twelver Shiʿah), Dr. Harald Vocke (Libanon, Gulf States), Dr. Rudolf Schmidt (Turkey, Afghanistan), Konsul a. D. Wolfgang Zielke (Tansania), Georges Khalil (arabic primary sources, Egypt), Dr. Rainer Glagow (Islamic Studies), Heinz Albach (Islamic Revolution in Iran), Friedhelm Hoffmann (arabic research literature, Maghreb), Dr. Dina Wilkowsky (Central Asia), Dr. Samuli Schielke (primary sources of Egyptian Sufi brotherhoods), Dr. Bettina Gräf (lawyer Yūsuf ʿAbdallāh al-Qaraḍāwī), Prof. Dr. Jakob Rösel (Pakistan, Sri Lanka and India), Dr. ʿĀdil Fraiǧāt (full series of arabic journals), Ole Heidrich (Petra and Joachim Heidrich), Jane Dulfaqar (Hassan Dulfaqar, Iraq), Prof. Dr. Volker Perthes (full series of arabic journals), Dr. Gerdien Jonker (Muslims and Germans), Dr. Götz Nordbruch (arabic research literature, contemporary history), Omani Embassy / Sultan Qaboos Higher Centre (current publications from Oman), Dr. Reinhard Eisner (Russian, Tajik and Uzbek literature on Central Asia). The mentioned collections (except for a small part of Ende and Rösel) have been acquired in the online catalogue.

Special inventory (research materials and special collections to be listed in the repository or on the website)

A prominent part of the library holdings are the special collections, which include (ideally not in technically reproduced form) quasi-unique items and are therefore not to be listed in the union catalog but in a repository. In addition to files, this repository inventory also includes posters, photographs, postcards, diaries, microforms (microfilms, microfiches), daily newspapers, museum objects and various types of data carriers. The special collections also include music CDs, CD-Roms, films (video, DVD) and early modern manuscripts, which are, however, listed in the regular library catalog and are therefore included in the ZMO library's book inventory. The research files as part of the special collections come for the most part from bequests, donations and permanent loans. On our website, the extensive research material of Gerhard Höpp, Horst Krüger, Fritz Steppat, Werner Ende, Peter Sebald, Jürgen Herzog, Petra and Joachim Heidrich is described - in addition to the large book collections they contain - on the individual websites dedicated to these outstanding legacies (see the links at the top of this page). If, on the other hand, it is more a question of materials on limited subject areas that are not based on the intention or claim of a comprehensive collection, then these research materials are listed on the corresponding website for research data. Detailed information on the history of the holdings, especially the bequests, can be found in the annual reports. The inventory of research files is recorded directly on the website and from mid-2022 in a repository.

In a certain way, the entire library holdings of the ZMO from Africa, Middle East and South Asia could be seen as special collections according to general library language use, since indexing of languages ​​or ways of obtaining, requires special treatment. Special collections are often defined also based on their material. In this respect, the terminology has to be specified again according to the on-site situation. "Special collections are characterized by their ideal and material value, by their uniqueness or rarity and by their prominent importance in the acquisition and preservation program of a library. Whether libraries give certain materials the status of special collection materials depends on the historical, local and institutional requirements and is regulated differently from library to library." In the past, special collections were neglected for a long time, because "who is interested in these old and special collections, if not a few freaks, when on the other hand you have the long queues of students in front of the lending desk, each one a desired use case for the statistics that justify the existence of the library" (Sondersammlungen im 21. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 2008, p. VII, 82). However, their value as a source for research and teaching is increasingly recognized, as is their significance for cultural heritage. In the course of publicity measures (internet portals like MIDA, exhibitions), but above all due to digitization projects, interest and appreciation could be increased enormously.

Digitization and networking are the key to success, bringing together a very specific, globally dispersed user group on the one hand and very special research material on the other. In this context, the collection-specific indexing is the decisive feature for the definition. This corresponds to the concept of the ZMO library of defining the special inventory (in contrast to all special materials listed in the regular union catalog such as Arabic book titles, music CDs, DVDs, video films ...) as special materials which (ideally in addition to digitization) require collection-specific indexing in a separate repository with a connection to appropriate networks. The term "archive", which is often used colloquially for this part of the library holdings, is misleading, because the actual archive of ZMO / GWZ, on the other hand, is used for the permanent and unlimited storage of administrative documents with historical significance, ie which can not be destroyed after the statutory retention period of 10 years as in the case of annual financial statements, accounting documents, incoming and outgoing invoices, and therefore concerns administrative files of permanent value such as property documents, construction plans for buildings, rental and lease agreements, insurance certificates, court judgments or personnel files.

Newspapers: The library provides all volumes of the journal ﺍﻟﻣﻨهل [al-Manhal] (donated by the King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies) from 1937 to 1965 and all issues of the daily newspaper ﺍﻟﺤﻴﺎﺓ [al-Ḥayāt] (Great Britain) from July 2002 to the edition of 23. Feb. 2009. It also contains backcopies of ﺍﻟﺟﺰﻳﺮﺓ [al-Ǧazīra] (Saudi Arabia) from 1984-2003, of ﺍﻻﻫﺮﺍﻡ [al-Ahrām] (Egypt) from March 1986 up to June 1997, of ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺭﺓ [aṯ-Ṯaura] (Iraq) 1977-1990 incomplete, of ﺍﻟﻘﺒﺲ [al-Qabas] (Kuwait) 1988-1990 incomplete, of ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺽ [ar-Riyāḍ] (Saudi Arabia) November 1995 and February/March 1999, of ﺍﻟﻮﻃﻦ [al-Waṭan] (Saudi Arabia) July/August 2001, of ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻕ ﺍﻻﻭﺳﻄ [aš-Šarq al-ausaṭ] (Great Britain) October/November 1993, of The Jerusalem Post (U.S.A.) 1980-1981 incomplete.

Research data: Scientists archive their research materials, which they have compiled on various topics, in the library. In consultation with the scientists from which the material comes, the possibility of inspection can be requested from the institute management.