Dogan, Ali

West Germany's Secret Back Channel to Iraq

Wilson Center, 06.07.2021

Sources and Methods; a blog of the History and Public Policy Program


Starting in 1979 and lasting through most of the Iran-Iraq War, West German and Iraqi intelligence officials developed a backchannel that resulted in a substantial exchange between the countries. Ali Dogan reveals how and why this relationship came about and what consequences it might have had on the war with Iran.